The October 21, 1833 born in Alfred Nobel. Was a chemist, engineer and writer, who went down in the history of mankind by two very disparate contributions: the Nobel laureates and dynamite.
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Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden. Nobel’s father, Immanuel, was a Swedish inventor and businessman. When Alfred was still a small child, Immanuel moved his business and family to St. Petersburg, Russia, where he supplied the Russian army with war material, including the first underwater mines.
Alfred and his brothers were home schooled by Swedish and Russian tutors in chemistry and other subjects. Alfred became very proficient in chemistry, but he also had the ambition to become a writer.
To discourage you from leaving the lyrics, Nobel’s father sent him abroad to study chemical engineering. Over a two-year period, Nobel visited Sweden, Germany, France, and the United States. He returned to Sweden in 1863 with his father after the family business went bankrupt.
Back in Sweden, Alfred Nobel was interested in the safe manufacture and use of nitroglycerin, a very unstable explosive. His brother Emil had been killed in a nitroglycerin explosion in 1864.
Nobel incorporated nitroglycerin into silica, an inert substance, which made it safer and easier to handle. After successful tests, he patented his creation in 1867 under the name ‘dynamite’. Dynamite established Nobel’s fame and was soon used to make tunnels, canals, and the construction of railways and roads around the world.
Alfred Nobel became rich by starting companies and selling patent rights to dynamite and related products around the world.
In 1875 he created explosive gelatin, a colloidal suspension of nitrocellulose in glycerin, and in 1887 he invented the ballistite, an almost smokeless powder especially suitable for propelling military projectiles.
Nobel, the man who had tried to make handling explosives safe for workers, was deeply concerned about the destructiveness of his inventions and the warlike use that had been put on them.
The Nobel Prize
Alfred Nobel considered himself a pacifist, so in 1888, when the media reported his death, rather than that of his brother Ludwig, he was shocked.
He was particularly hurt by a French newspaper headline that read: “The merchant of death is dead,” in reference to his invention of dynamite. This may have been a motivation to do something for his legacy.
I made adjustments in his will, and having no wife or children, he decided that his large fortune would be used for the creation of some prizes, which would be awarded to those who have done everything possible for humanity in the field of Physics, Chemistry , Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace
Thus, when Alfred Nobel died, on December 10, 1896, in San Remo, Italy, the first steps were taken to establish the criteria and the committee for what we now know as the Nobel Prizes. Thus, they were awarded for the first time in 1901.
In this way, Nobel’s legacy in history is undoubtedly indelible due to the impact that his creations and inventions continue to have to this day.
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Who is Alfred Nobel, the creator of the awards and the inventor of dynamite?