From yesterday until next October 11, the brightest minds of today will collect the Nobel Prizes, with which the important contribution of the winners is recognized in fields as varied as those of Literature, Medicine or Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Literature, Peace and Economics.
From its first edition 120 years ago to today it has been seen that, despite the genius that characterizes all the winners, not all of them have the best training in the fields for which their work has been recognized. Next, we present four Nobel Laureates that without going through the university before they have managed to make a place in history.
Knut Hamsun, 1920 Nobel Prize Winner for Literature
East Nobel Prize in Literature by The blessing of the land in 1920 it became overnight a literary success, completely changing your life overnight. Before becoming such a high-level writer, the Norwegian author suffered great hardships.
Hunger, the greatest of his concerns for a long period of time and the title of his first book (1888), served as inspiration for the novel with which he devoted himself. Of course, until that moment Hamsun did not earn enough to be able to dedicate himself to study, although he did not need further learning to succeed in writing.
Malala Yousafzai, Nobel Peace Prize 2014
This Pakistani woman became the youngest person to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014, with only 17 years. To understand his nomination and subsequent award, we must go back to 2009, when under the pseudonym of Gul makai began blogging for the BBC about Taliban control of the Swat area, Malala’s place of residence.
Some time later, the then adolescent, who had denounced the situation of women and girls in the territory, decided to show her face and make her identity public. Thus, she immediately became a target of the Taliban, who tried to kill her in an attack on her person.
The young woman managed to get out alive, but it was inconceivable to keep her life in her home country. With the exile of Malala and her family to England, the teenager opened her own foundation, the Malala Fund, and continued working in the pakistani women’s struggle for getting the education that any male partner could have.
Godfrey Hounsfield, Nobel Prize in Medicine 1979
It seems incredible, but this Brit managed to win Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1979 without ever having set foot in a college classroom. According to Chilean Journal of RadiologyHounsfield was always interested in computers, so much so that he became the leader of the team that built the first computer “with transistors in the United Kingdom in 1958, later being transferred by EMI to its research laboratories.”
From the magazine they recall that «in the 1960s he applied the knowledge acquired to the development of the scanner, thereby giving us a different way of obtaining and recording the interaction of the X-rays with the body. In this way, we were able to visualize the different organs and tissues, by turning the tube in the axial axis and processing the information with detectors and amplifiers of greater sensitivity than the conventional radiographic plate available up to that time ». The development of this computerized axial tomography scanner was what led him to win the renowned award.
Camilo José Cela, Nobel Prize for Literature 1989
Considered one of the best contemporary authors, this Galician awarded in 1989 with the Nobel Prize in Literature He tried to study Medicine first and then Law, although in both cases without being able to finish them. As explained from the Cervantes Institute, his taste for letters comes after a long illness in his youth, which forced him to rest and allowed him to enjoy reading.
However, from the institution they comment that what pushed the author of Beehive or Pascual Duarte’s family To become a writer was the poet Pedro Salinas, to whom “Cela shows his first poems” and from whom he receives “encouragement and advice.” Besides of Nobel Prize, the writing teacher received the Prince of Asturias Awards for Literature and Miguel de Cervantes (nineteen ninety five). Shortly before his death, King Juan Carlos I granted him the title of Marquis of Iria Flavia.
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These are the Nobel laureates who do not have a university degree