The Glasgow Summit focused on finding compromises to contain temperatures 1.5 degrees above the pre-industrial age average. Fantasy or real possibility?
The laws of thermodynamics they establish that the total amount of matter and energy cannot be created or destroyed, but rather transformed. A) Yes, the energy of the universe can only be transferred from one object to another: lamps transform electrical energy into light energy. Like any transfer, it suffers losses. Light bulbs waste energy generating heat, the consequence of unused, lost energy. Heat disturbs systems and organizations.
Living things feed on few complex molecules and convert them into numerous simple molecules, such as carbon dioxide and water. That is, biological organizations, including human ones, require a constant supply of energy, with the consequent emission of carbon and heat, disorderly the environment. Global warming would result from human progress and would require injecting knowledge to balance it for the benefit of people.
Confirmation of the link between human activities and climate. That research takes decades. The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in part to Klaus Hasselmann, who devised observations and computer models to identify man’s “footprints” on the climate. Invented the fingerprinting, which enables distinguish between natural climate variability and disturbance from increased greenhouse gases. Thanks to this technique, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was able to attribute climate change to human action in its fourth report (2007).
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was able to attribute climate change to human action in its fourth report (2007)
Syukuro manabe and Klaus Hasselmann they laid the foundations of knowledge of the Earth’s climate and the impact of humanity. The two shared half of the Nobel Prize “for physical modeling of the Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming.” Now, several researchers apply a similar approach to explaining extreme weather events.
The agenda for the future
The most successful and proven mechanism of organization is that of the institutions of individual freedom, the large competitive markets, each individual specialized in the development of their skills, where cost is the relationship between what is obtained and what is paid for the inconvenience caused, efforts demanded. Up to now global agreements are lacking incorporating the cost of greenhouse gas emissions GHG.
Each activity affects the planet, the common home of all humanity. To protect it, no one should avoid its imprint on the warm-up and other annoyances. Recognizing the common home, would entail rules for each person to be the owner, shareholder, of the society of humans, increasingly inclusive, surpassing national borders. To this end, institutions will emerge recognizing the precise consequences of the different activities, calculating the costs of GHG emissions and capture in each act.
Institutions will emerge recognizing the precise consequences of the different activities, calculating the costs of GHG emissions and capture in each act.
Market mechanisms such as the supply and demand of carbon and other gases, the Iowa electronic market, indicators, such as spglobal.com, will guide activities and investors. Annual transactions for the right to use GHG would exceed 20% of GDP world, once the institutions for that framework have been agreed.
The principle of non-intervention in internal affairs of nations protects the exploiting autocrats of their peoples, in Cuba, Nicaragua, Venezuela and other impoverished countries, and should be revised to include better individual opportunities and contain pollution.
They should also be reviewed incentives (child allowance) increasing population, whose expansion could naturally slow down; and the fuel subsidies.
As the cost of emitting GHG is part of the decisions, unthinkable novelties will appear, appearing, in the generation, capture, saving, storage, distinguishing even different places and occasions. So much so that, instead of aiming for a specific goal, such as the current 1.5º, the markets will determine the activities and the preferred degree of temperature, according to times and convenience. Recognizing the relationships of different activities with the emission of GHG.
Transparency. Holding each individual accountable for their actions in detail will be increasingly imperative. A central part of the negotiations is to agree on shared pollution measurement rules and the achievement of goals to contain the warming and the efficiency of the activities.
There are alternatives to reduce the source of GHG, increasing production efficiency and reducing consumption in buildings.
Communications and artificial intelligence They will reduce travel, transfers of people and merchandise, and the expense of unsuccessful times, limiting the use of fossil fuels. Shared transportation with more people, replacing the car for individual use, and development of the production of electric cars, trucks, boats, airplanes, from the greater generation of renewable energy.
There are also alternatives to reduce the source of GHG, increasing production efficiency and reducing consumption in buildings. It is estimated that 40% of GHG emissions come from buildings, as they contain materials with a strong pollution mark. And in the case of beef production which is the largest agricultural emitter of methane, much more polluting than CO2 but with a shorter duration.
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The political and economic institutions to contain the greenhouse effect