National Comedian’s Day. National Humorist Day has been celebrated since 2015, when Law No. 27,100 was enacted. The date was chosen for the birth of the graphic humorist and writer, Roberto Fontanarrosa.
Chemist’s Day. Chemist’s Day is commemorated to remember Enrique Herrero Ducloux, the first doctor in Chemistry in Argentina, who obtained his degree in 1901 at the University of Buenos Aires.
In 1504 Isabel I “La Católica” died. She was queen of Castile from 1474 to 1504, queen consort of Sicily from 1469 and of Aragon from 1479, by her marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon. She also served as a lady of Vizcaya. She is also known as Isabel la Católica, a title that was granted to her and her husband by Pope Alexander VI through the bull Si convenit, on December 19, 1496. This is why the royal couple is known by the name de Reyes Católicos, a title that practically all the kings of Spain would use from now on. He supported Christopher Columbus in the search for the West Indies, reaching America, which would have as a consequence the conquest and genocide of the native peoples and the creation of the Spanish Empire.
In 1810 William Armstrong was born. British engineer and industrialist, who founded the Armstrong Whitworth mechanical company in Tyneside. He was also an eminent inventor. In collaboration with architect Richard Norman Shaw, he built Cragside, the world’s first hydro-illuminated house in the world.
In 1876 Willis Haviland Carrier was born. American engineer, who invented the air conditioner. He is considered at least partially responsible for the economic boom in the southwest of his country, since his invention meant that people could move in areas previously considered uninhabitable in summer.
In 1903 Sebastián Piana was born. He was an Argentine musician, composer, conductor and pianist. He composed, among many other works: Milonga del 900, Milonga sentimental, Milonga triste, the tangos Viejo ciego, El pescante, (with lyrics by Homero Manzi), Tinta roja (with lyrics by Cátulo Castillo), Sobre el pucho (with lyrics and collaborating on music, by José González Castillo), and the milonga-candombes Aleluya (from 1940, with lyrics by Cátulo Castillo), Pena mulata (with lyrics by Homero Manzi) among many others and being the creator of this genre. And also of pure candombes, and proclamations of colonial Buenos Aires, with lyrics by the poet Dr. León Benarós: Cara de negro – 12 candombes and proclamations of Buenos Aires (from 1790 to 1916). He also composed the musical bands for several films such as Sombras porteñas (1936), Carnaval de antaño, I was born in Buenos Aires, Gaucho nobility, Las de barranco, The last payador and Old Law.
In 1918 Patricio Aylwin was born. Miguel Patricio Aylwin Azócar was a Chilean Christian Democratic lawyer, jurist and politician. He was a senator, being president of the Senate from January 1971 to May 1972 and later President of the Republic during the period between 1990 and 1994.
In 1922 the mummy of the pharaoh Tutankhamun was discovered. In 1907, Egyptologists William Garstin and Gaston Maspero had invited British archaeologist Howard Carter to excavate in the valley for George Herbert, Earl of Carnarvon. Lord Carnarvon and Carter wanted to get the excavation grant when Davis’s expired, but had to settle for digging elsewhere for the next seven years. In 1915 they began a search and in 1922 Carter discovered Tutankhamun’s tomb.
In 1931 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel was born. Argentine activist, sculptor and architect. Describes the Ministry of Culture of the Nation, on the 40th anniversary of the Nobel Prize, in 2020: On October 13, 1980, the leadership of the Argentine civic-military dictatorship refused to accept the news that reached them from the Norwegian Embassy in Buenos Aires. Aires, in which they were notified of the distinction of Adolfo Pérez Esquivel as a Nobel Peace Prize. Until that moment, he was a man unknown to a large part of the Argentine people. An architect, sculptor and teacher, at the beginning of the 70s he began to get involved in movements that fight for peace. Actively participates in the foundation of the “Service of Peace and Justice” -a movement in defense of Human Rights in Latin America-; at the birth of the “Peace and Justice Ecumenical Movement” formed together with various Christian groups. And, a few years later, in the creation of the “Permanent Assembly for Human Rights” (1975). Due to his work together with the Peace and Justice Service -which continues to operate in Costa Rica, Chile, Brazil, Nicaragua, Mexico, El Salvador- Pérez Esquivel was distinguished with the Nobel Peace Prize, which he received on behalf of the peoples from America.
In 1939 Tina Turner was born. Anna Mae Bullock, her real name, better known as Tina Turner, is a singer, songwriter, dancer, actress and choreographer of Swiss nationality and American origin, whose career spanned more than 50 years, in addition to being one of the main and major rock components being considered the “Queen of Rock”. He retired from the stage and music in 2013 at the age of seventy-three after a 54-year music career.
In 1942 the film Casablanca was released. Dramatic romance film, it starred Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. Nominated for eight Oscars, it won those for best film, best director and best adapted screenplay.
In 1944 Roberto Fontanarrosa was born. Roberto Alfredo “el Negro” Fontanarrosa was born in Rosario. Writer, graphic comedian and fan of Rosario Central, among his many catalogs – points out the website of the Ministry of Culture of the Nation – he is one of the most endearing authors of Argentine literature. An author who, in addition to bringing books to the most soccer-loving public, brought soccer closer to those who were least interested in that sport. Before turning 20 he had already started working at Roberto Reyna’s advertising agency, where he met cartoonist Alberto Mirtuono, who was his boss during the creation of the unforgettable Boogie, the oily one. In 1968, he published his first graphic joke in number one of Rosario’s Boom magazine. Two years later he created Boogie. It was a parody of the secret agent James Bond, in which he recounted the adventures of a fugitive from justice and veteran of the Vietnam War, transformed into a cold and ruthless hitman. Some of those chapters were published in the magazine Tinta. “I know that Boogie would despise me a lot, as a South American from a peripheral country. He would not be among his friends,” Fontanarrosa himself once said about his character. In 1972, together with Caloi, Ian and Lolo Amengual, he collaborated in the magazines Hortensias and Satiricón. That year is when he created the famous gaucho Inodoro Pereyra and his talking dog, Mendieta. With them and many other characters, he narrated stories that crystallized the gaucho figure and the idiosyncrasy of the Argentine pampas. Later, with the founding of the Mengano magazine, he began to work there and, as of 1976, Inodoro Pereyra was published in the Clarín newspaper. In addition to his career as a cartoonist and humorist, in 1981 he published his first novel, Best seller. Today it is considered by many as a classic of humor literature. The following year he published his first book of stories, The world has lived wrong. Retaining his enormous humorous style, he once again demonstrated his talents as a storyteller. In 1984 he began working at the magazine Fierro, one of the most prestigious in the Argentine comic strip, where he published the series Cuatro Hombres en la Cabaña. In 2004 he was one of the exhibitors at the III International Congress of the Spanish Language, where he participated with his presentation on “Bad words”. The Rosario said with enormous irony and humor: “Why are words bad? Do they hit the others? Are they bad because they are of poor quality? From there he began to reflect on the intention and meaning that we give to certain terms and achieved applause and laughter from the audience. He was distinguished with multiple awards, including: Konex Award in 1992, Konex Platinum Award in 1994 and, in 2006, the Senate awarded him the “Domingo Faustino Sarmiento” Honorable Mention for his contribution to Argentine culture. At the age of 62, he died in his hometown on July 19, 2007. Citizens, writers, actors and different personalities of Argentine culture accompanied him in an emotional farewell. In his memory, on National Comedian’s Day.
In 1964 Julio Sosa died. Julio María Sosa Venturini was his real name, better known as Julio Sosa. Nicknamed El Varón del Tango, he was a Uruguayan tango singer who achieved fame in Buenos Aires and Uruguay in the 1950s and 1960s, being one of the greatest icons in the history of the genre. On the way to Villa del Parque, at the wheel of a red DKW Fissore, he collided at a considerable speed with a traffic light on Avenida Figueroa Alcorta and Mariscal Castilla in the city of Buenos Aires. He was admitted to the Fernández hospital and transferred to the Anchorena sanatorium, undergoing surgery and dying at night. His wife, Susana Merighi, claimed some time later that her husband’s car had been hit by another vehicle before hitting the traffic light, said statement was based on a mechanical expert opinion and led to a new summary entitled “Wrongful Death.”
In 2006 Rafael Correa was elected president of Ecuador. He was elected president of Ecuador, for the first time, in the 2006 presidential elections. In the second electoral round, on November 26, 2006, Álvaro Noboa was imposed, with 56.67% of the votes.
In 2018 Bernardo Bertolucci died. He was an Italian film director and screenwriter, whose films include The Conformist, The Last Tango in Paris, Novecento, The Last Emperor, with which he won the Oscar for Best Director and the Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay, The Sheltering Sky, Stolen Beauty and Dreamers.
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