The 2021 Nobel Prizes began their awards this Monday, October 4. From that day until the 11th of this month, the names of the winners will be known in the categories of medicine or physiology, chemistry, physics, literature, economics and the culminating point of this ceremony: the peace prize, the only one to be grants in the Norwegian capital. Of the candidates, including various activists and institutions, only the number is known: 318 this year (211 individuals and 107 organizations), according to the Nobel Institute.
Although such nominations do not imply endorsement by the Nobel committee, members of parliaments from around the world, and even former winners, can nominate their candidates. This Sunday closes the call for nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. Once the dates are met, the committee draws up a short list of candidates after evaluating the work of those who have been presented.
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The novel coronavirus epidemic propelled the World Health Organization (WHO) as a favorite on online gambling sites, ahead of Greta thunberg. The global institution that has known how to validate its nomination in the quest to ensure fair access to vaccines against COVID-19 for poor countries is another of the initial candidates for the award.
Thunberg was one of the names of 2019, having gone from promoting a weekly school strike in front of the Swedish Parliament against climate change to leading the global movement “Fridays for future” (Friday for the future), being received by world leaders and intervening in UN summits.
Alexéi Navalni, defense of journalism
The name of the Russian opposition leader Alekséi Navalni, who suffered a poisoning from which he recovered in a Berlin hospital and who accuses President Vladimir Putin of being behind the event, was included in the list of favorites by the director of the Norwegian Research Institute de la Paz, Henrik Urdal. Navalni, nominated by Russian academics, was named for his “efforts for a peaceful democratization of Russia” by former Norwegian minister Ola Elvestuen.
Black lives matter movement
Norwegian MP Petter Eide nominated the global Black lives matter movement “for its fight against racism and racially motivated violence,” as he wrote in his official nomination papers. This mobilization was rekindled in the days after George Floyd’s death in Minneapolis in May 2020, and continues to shed light on systemic racism and police brutality from America’s small towns to its urban centers.
Christian Tybring-Gjedde, a Norwegian MP, has nominated the former president of the United States as a candidate for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize for his support of the agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates. “It is a unique agreement,” says Tybring-Gjedde, who also mentions the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq. The MP had already nominated Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, for his diplomatic efforts with North Korea.
The nomination of the North American businessman has been questioned because Trump has been characterized by making hate speech against immigrants, the LGTBIQ + community and minorities.
Delivery of awards
A couple of weeks ago, the Nobel Foundation clarified that the selection process and the mention of the winners will continue with the usual rhythm, but that the awards will be delivered in the country of residence of the distinguished. It remains to be seen whether the Norwegian Nobel Committee will do the same with the Peace Prize, which is awarded and awarded in Oslo, as ordered by the creator of the centennial awards, the Swedish magnate Alfred Nobel.
Who received the Nobel Peace Prize?
Throughout the award ceremony, different personalities who defended human rights and the preservation of peace in the world were recognized.
Martin Luther King Jr.
The Alabama pastor received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, nearly four years before he was assassinated in Tennessee. In that way, he became the youngest man to be recognized for his conscientious labor. Their struggle was characterized by the defense of the dignity and human rights of the Afro-American population during the racial segregation in the USA. In 1955, he led a peaceful action against a bus line that required African-American citizens to stop when a white person got on one of its transports.
The first Afro-descendant president of South Africa was characterized by being that face that faced the apartheid, the system of racial segregation that prevailed in his country until 1992. Facing the racism of that set of supremacist laws would lead him to fight for equality and receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
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Nominees to win the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize: from Greta Thunberg to Trump