The Nobel Peace Prize winner, Juan Manuel Santos, affirmed today that although “many people have wanted to derail the Agreement reached with the FARC, it continues to advance despite the difficulties.” Santos He was satisfied because “President Duque himself is becoming a great promoter of the implementation of the peace accords and he is saying it all over the world ”.
Speaking at an event at the Externado University on the occasion of the 5 years since the signing of the Havana Agreement, former President Santos assured that although there are some who have wanted to derail the agreements, “It gives me great satisfaction that more and more, as the Krock institute warned, at the beginning these agreements begin with many questions but as they are decided, people realize that it is better to live in peace than to live in war”.
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“I believe that this is happening, people who were against the agreement today are in favor, and we are seeing with great satisfaction how the government itself, President Duque himself is becoming a great promoter of the implementation of the peace accords and he is saying it all over the world. That gives me immense satisfaction because it means that the country is converging around the implementation of the peace accords, ”said Juan Manuel Santos.
He added that the greatest difficulty is “the security of ex-combatants and social leaders in areas where the conflict was concentrated and that is why those who live in those areas claim greater effectiveness in this security policy, that is a mole that has the implementation of peace, ”Santos stressed.
Santos added that the other point that remains to be developed is the implementation of the comprehensive rural reform, since he warned that, “to the extent that this reform is not materialized, the expectations that existed among the people living in those areas, combined with the lack of execution of the plans with a territorial approach, produces discouragement and the lack of opportunities to young people make them much more susceptible to being linked to these criminal groups that are fighting for their territory ”.
Former President Santos emphasized that to guarantee the life of the reincorporated from the Farc, It is necessary to change the way of measuring security effectiveness in the areas where ex-combatants live.
“We cannot continue with the same indicators that we had before, showing our chest due to the number of criminals captured or discharged, because that traditional way of measuring the effectiveness of security policy does not work,” stressed the Nobel Peace Prize winner.
Santos proposed that territorial control should be strengthened effectively and permanently “So that this is the new indicator of a new security policy to prevent the assassinations of ex-combatants and social leaders and give those areas much more development.”
For his part, the former Peace Commissioner, Sergio Jaramillo, assured that “in his opinion and the statistics showíIn fact, the armed conflict in Colombia ended, but the violence did not ”.
“The conflict ended and statistics show that there are 10 times fewer deaths and fewer injuries from antipersonnel mines than there were 10 years ago. What has happened is that obviously there are many incomes that kept the conflict alive, different organizations that are disputing the territory and as a consequence of that there are places in the country where there is very strong violence such as Cauca and Nariño, ”said Jaramillo.
He limited that what you have to do is see what is done from now on and continue to strengthen the right to peace contained in the Constitution and that the peace process gave it full meaning.
“The most important thing for me is that the Agreement should really be read as an effort to materialize the Constitution that in Colombia as Article 64 says that in Colombia there must be progressive access to land ownership, services and public goods for those who live in rural Colombia”, Pointed out Jaramillo.
For his part, the Head of the UN Verification Mission Carlos Ruiz Massieu, said that The Agreement was originally signed for a period of 15 years and five years ago, for which he was confident that what was agreed in Havana “will continue to be implemented regardless of who comes to the government next year ”.
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He added that he hopes In the remainder of President Duque’s administration, they will finish “consolidating some of the things in which progress has already been made and it will be up to other governments to continue the implementation, we believe in the benefits that this agreement has brought and in the potential of what it can bring and we would hope that the new governments that are formed will finish that task, “the diplomat insisted. .
Ruiz Massieu highlighted the achievements of the Agreement as “the laying down of arms, the transformation of the guerrilla into a political party that works within the Colombian institutionality, the transitional justice system, advances in reincorporation and that more than half of the ex-combatants are linked to productive projects ”.
Ruiz Massieu He warned that the biggest challenge is the safety of the reinstated.
“The numbers of ex-combatants and social leaders assassinated that is very high, one would hope that this will be fully dug because life must be protected, and there are other profound elements of the Peace Agreement such as rural reform, political reform that, although progress has been made, have to be deepened to develop the potential of the agreement. “Insisted the UN spokesman.
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Juan Manuel Santos referred to the way in which Duque implements the peace accords