Ephemeris November 9: What happened in the world on a day like today?

On November 9, 1989, the “Berlin wall” was opened and began to be demolished, the border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) that had split that city in two since 1961, and thatfor 28 years it became a symbol of the Cold War.

Also read: Monsieur Perine brings Coldplay’s song “Viva la vida” to the Latin sound

Other ephemeris:

1729.- The Treaty of Seville is signed, by which France and England guarantee Spain the duchies of Tuscany, Parma and Florence.

1799.- The coup d’etat of 18 Brumaire of the year VIII of the French Republic takes place. Napoleon Bonaparte dissolves the Directory, annuls the Constitution and establishes the Consulate.

1900.- The “I Hispano-American Social and Economic Congress” is inaugurated in Madrid.

1917.- It opens in Argentina the first animated film in history entitled “The Apostle”.

1918.- Emperor Wilhelm II, Last German Emperor and King of Prussia, abdicated after the defeat of Germany in World War I. Socialist deputy Philip Scheideman proclaims the establishment of the Republic. The Weimar Republic is born.

1922.- The Spanish playwright Jacinto benavente wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1923.- The attempted coup d’état organized by Adolf Hitler and Ludendorff.

1925.– In Germany, the Schutzstaffel are founded or SS (Protection Squads) within the German National Socialist Workers’ Party (NSDAP) and constitute an elite paramilitary group.

1937.- Japanese troops occupy the Chinese city of Shanghai.

1938.- In Germany, the Kristallnacht or “Night of the Broken Glass” takes place, the first great massacre organized by the Nazis against the Jews, in which more than 90 died and around 30,000 were arrested and later sent to camps. concentration.

1939.- Attempted attempt against Adolf Hitler in Munich. The Führer emerged unscathed from the more than 40 attacks he suffered.

[1945-TheconferenceorganizedbytherepresentativesoftheAlliedStatestodiscusswarreparationsandimposesanctionsonGermanyafteritsdefeatinWorldWarIIbeginsinParis

1953.- The independence of Cambodia is proclaimed, which was a French protectorate since 1863 and which, together with Vietnam and Laos, was part of French Indochina.

1965.- In the United States, eight states on the east coast and two Canadian provinces suffer a power outage for more than 12 hours, an event known as the “great blackout”, which affected around 30 million people.

– Ferdinand Marcos is elected President of the Philippines.

1967.– NASA launches the Saturn V, the largest rocket built by man, into space for a test flight.

1981.- The first demonstration against the Argentine military regime since the 1976 coup takes place in Buenos Aires.

1985.- The Soviet Gari Kasparov he is proclaimed thirteenth world chess champion by defeating his compatriot Anatoli Karpov in Moscow.

1990.- King Birendra of Nepal promulgates the new Constitution, which abolishes the absolute powers of the monarchy and restores democracy.

1996.- The Maghreb-Europe gas pipeline is inaugurated in Hasi Remel (Algeria). A total of 1,430 kilometers of pipelines that will link the Algerian gas fields with the Iberian Peninsula.

2005.- The European Space Agency (ESA) launches its first Venus Express probe into space, on a Soyuz rocket, bound for the planet Venus.

2007.- The pulp mill of the Finnish company Botnia starts up in Fray Bentos (Uruguay), which opens a crisis between Argentina and Uruguay as it is built on the bank of the river that separates both countries and whose disputes date back to 2003.

2010.- Authorities declare “national security problem” the cholera epidemic in Haiti, which killed about 5,000 people.

2011.- Asteroid “2005 YU55“It passes about 324,000 kilometers from Earth, it is the one that has come closest to Earth’s orbit in 35 years.

2015.- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) votes against accepting Kosovo as a member of this United Nations organization.

2020.- Four gold coins from the Fatimid caliphate, which ruled North Africa and the Mediterranean Levant at the beginning of the 10th century, appear in a jar in the Old City of Jerusalem.

BIRTHS

1818.- Ivan Turguenev, Russian novelist.

1874.- Julio Romero de Torres, Spanish painter.

1888.- Jean Omer Marie Gabriel Monnet, French economist, considered one of the “fathers of Europe”.

1909.- María Josefina Teodora Pla Guerra, known as “Josefina Pla “, Spanish writer.

1911.- Luis Antonio Santaló Sors, ​​Spanish mathematician, pioneer of integral geometry.

1922.- Lauro Olmo, Spanish playwright.

1926.- Ricardo de la Cierva, Spanish historian.

– Vicente Aranda, Spanish filmmaker.

1939.- Marco Bellocchio, Italian film director.

DEATHS

1940.- Arthur Neville Chamberlain, former English Prime Minister.

1947.- Mariano Benlliure, Spanish sculptor.

1953.- Dylan thomas, Welsh writer.

1970.- Charles de gaulle, French statesman.

1991.- Yves montand, French actor and singer.

2004.- Stieg Larsson, Swedish writer and journalist.

2019.- Robert Norris, American actor.

We would like to thank the writer of this write-up for this incredible material

Ephemeris November 9: What happened in the world on a day like today?

Hank Gilbert