Swedish scientist and president of the award-winning academy Nobel Prizes Discard the idea of gender or race quotas when choosing the winners of the prestigious award.
Göran Hansson, general secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, accepted that there were “very few women” in the race, but acknowledged that the award would ultimately go to the “most deserving.”
Investigative journalist Maria Ressa from the Philippines was The only woman honored this yearHe shared the Nobel Peace Prize with fellow journalist Dmitry Muratov, along with 12 other men.
Since its creation in 1901, only 59 Nobel Prizes It was intended for women, who represented only 6.2% of the total.
Hanson, who informed the winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Economics and Physics about his victory, defended his position on quotas in an interview with AFP.
“It is sad that there are so few women Nobel Prize winners and this reflects the unjust conditions in society, particularly in recent years, but they still exist. And there is much to do.
We have decided that we will not have gender or race classes. We want all the winners [to] They are accepted … because they made the most important discovery and not because of their gender or race. This is in keeping with the spirit of Alfred Nobel’s last wish ‘.
Hanson stressed that the academy will ensure that “all deserving women have a fair chance to be evaluated for a Nobel Prize” and said “significant efforts” have been made to encourage the nomination of women scientists.
“We make sure we know the problem and also the unconscious biases, etc. [prize-awarding] Committees and Academies. They gave us lectures by sociologists, we had group discussions and we put in a lot of effort, “he added.
“In the end, we will present the award to those who consider themselves the most deserving, those who have made the most significant contributions.
No women won science awards this year. Last year we had two female chemistry award winners, Emmanuel Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna, and we had an award-winning physicist, Andrea Ghez. The year before we had Esther Duflo in Economics «.
And while more women are now recognized than in previous decades, Hanson said the trend is increasing “from a very low level.”
“Keep in mind that only about 10% of natural science teachers in Western Europe or North America are women, and even less if you go to East Asia,” added the doctor. “… it takes time to be evaluated and to get nominations and an evaluation for a Nobel Prize … You could even say that this is the situation that could have been a decade or two ago, when the discoveries were made.”
The issue of gender quotas was debated about three weeks ago, Hanson said, but was dismissed on the grounds that it could detract from the legitimacy of the winners.
“We have discussed it… but then, we are afraid to consider that these winners of the award have received the award because they are women, and not because they are the best. Now, there is no doubt that scholars like Emmanuel Charpentier or Esther Duflo received the award because they made the most Importance contributions.
We will ensure that an increasing proportion of women scientists are invited to nominate. And we will continue to make sure we have women on our committees, but we need help and the community needs help here. We need different attitudes towards women in science… to give them the opportunity to make these honorable discoveries.
New Zealand physicist and author Laurie Winkless slide academy In a series of tweets on Tuesday. “Disappointed but not surprised that the organization has maintained its outdated positions,” she wrote. “Reminder: if the commission had made its way, Marie Curie would not have received the 1903 Physics Prize.”
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Academy President: The Nobel Prize will not have gender or ethnic quotas | Nobel Prizes